stax records’ main soul men of the ’60s: david porter and isaac hayes

Estimated reading time is 4 minutes.

“IT WAS SUMMER 1967, and Isaac Hayes was at Stax Records in Memphis watching Detroit burn. The local news carried alarming reports of a massive riot in Motor City, which started when a police raid on an after-hours bar turned into a tense standoff with patrons and bystanders. Governor George W. Romney deployed the Michigan National Guard to quell the violence, which lasted five days.

Even at the time, it was seen as a major event in the American Civil Rights movement, as well as proof that racial friction was not limited to the South.

Hayes, an untrained but deeply talented musician who had found steady work as a songwriter at Stax Records in Memphis, watched as the news report explained that black business owners had been spray-painting the word ‘soul’ on their buildings to let the demonstrators know not to break those windows.

 

Photo of Robert Gordon's book about Stax Records, RESPECT YOURSELF.

Robert Gordon’s Respect Yourself was published in 2013 and is still in print, so you have no excuse for not finding this book and reading it!

A timely sense of black pride

Hayes recounts the story in Robert Gordon’s essential history Respect Yourself: Stax Records And The Soul Explosion: ‘I realized the word soul keeps them from burning up their establishments. Wow, soul. Soul. Soul man.’

The phrase stuck in Hayes’ head, and he mentioned it to his songwriting partner, David Porter. Together, they crafted one of the biggest R&B hits of the decade based on that one word and all that it represented.

Written, rehearsed, recorded, pressed, and released barely two months after the Detroit riots, Soul Man is an impossibly taut and exciting R&B stomper credited to the duo Sam & Dave but featuring nearly everyone at the label. It opens with Steve Cropper’s swampy guitar overture, a tangle of bent notes prefiguring the distinctive southern rock sound of the early ’70s.

 

“I realized the word ‘soul’ keeps them from burning up their establishments.”

 

But that’s just the prelude: When the band enters, the song snaps into its relentless groove, as Sam Moore and Dave Prater trade verses: ‘Comin’ to you, on a dusty road. Good lovin’, I got a truckload.’

The song packs a lot into its not-quite-three-minutes. One second Sam & Dave are declaring themselves unparalleled lovers (‘When I start lovin’, I can’t stop’), and the next they’re making a subtle declaration of community (‘Grab a rope, I’ll pull you in. Give you hope’).

Was it a love song?

An issues song?

Or was it somehow both, their romantic confidence conveying a very timely sense of black pride? And then there’s the fact that it was recorded by an integrated crew of musicians. Today that might not sound like a big deal, but in ’67 it was a rarity. And in the South, it was downright dangerous.

 

Photo of the team at Stax Records' Stdio A in the '60s.

Sam Moore, Isaac Hayes, Andrew Love, Wayne Jackson, Dave Prater, Jim Stewart, and Steve Cropper in Stax Records’ famed Studio A in Memphis, Tennessee.

They’re all soul men

Yet, here was a group of white and black players finding common ground and mutual respect, enacting something like racial harmony (or racial groove?) on a small scale.

They’re all soul men.

Soul Man scalded the radio, spending seven weeks at the top of the R&B charts and peaking at #2 on the pop charts. It was the most successful single Stax had released, and nearly forty years later it remains a stone-cold rock classic, the rare song that sounds like the times yet is ultimately timeless. Looking back nearly fifty years later, David Porter says,

‘We were always looking for ways to connect. We wanted to make a person feel a certain kind of thing, but we also wanted to have some kind of universality attached to it. With Soul Man, our purpose was to create a motivational thing for people during a trying time in this country. If you listen to what the song is really saying, anyone could be a soul man.’

 

Stax Records: Photo of the 45 rpm single SOUL MAN by Sam & Dave.

Sam & Dave’s Soul Man (Stax 231) is a quintessential ’60s soul single, and a must-own for any real collection of that era and that genre. On the bringdown side, it also inspired the gawdoffal Blues Brothers!

Sing every word with soul

And perhaps that is why “Soul Man” is more than just a big pop hit. It’s a powerful statement that defines the Stax ethos—a song about how songs ought to be sung.

You perform them with grit and integrity.

You play them like you know that a sharp guitar riff or a bold horn line or a chugging rhythm section or a guttural holler might solve any problem big or small, personal or public.

You sing every word with soul.”

 


The text above was lifted almost verbatim from an article titled “Subliminal Seduction: How Two Memphis Soul Men Defined R&B in the 1960s and Beyond” by Stephen Deusner (

 

Stax Records: Photo of David Porter and Isaac Hayes in the studio in the '60s.

FEATURED IMAGE: David Porter and Isaac Hayes at their workbench, a piano. The two composed more than 200 songs during their years as Stax Records’ house writers, notably Sam & Dave’s big hits, including Soul Man, I Thank You, When Something Is Wrong With My Baby, and Hold On, I’m Comin’.

 

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