TO MANY MUSICIANS AND FANS, John Francis Anthony Pastorius III—or Jaco to everyone who knew him—was arguably the most inventive and most influential electric jazz bass-player of the past forty years. His flair in both playing his instrument and in onstage performance earned him the nickname the ‘Jimi Hendrix of the bass.’ He came to prominence for his solo work and for holding down the fusion flights of Weather Report from 1976 through 1981.
My first jazz-rock fusion album was Miles Davis’s Bitches Brew, which I bought new in 1970. It was effectively the album that kicked off the fusion movement of the early ’70s, becoming Davis’s first album to be awarded an RIAA Gold Record as it sold to hundreds of thousands of rock fans in search of new sounds. Like those rock fans, I bought other fusion albums:
Miles Davis: In A Silent Way (1969)
Tony Williams Lifetime: Emergency from (1969)
Weather Report: Weather Report (1970)
Weather Report: I Sing The Body Electric (1971)
Mahavishnu Orchestra: The Inner Mounting Flame (1971)
Chick Corea: Return To Forever (1972)
Fusion became funkier (or became funk), which did not hold my attention. By the time that Jaco joined Weather Report in 1976, I was no longer interested in the form so I did not become familiar with his work until many years later.
This piece here grew out of an appendix that I was intending for a humorous article that I posted on Neal Umphred Dot Com, “Jaco And The Gorram Frakking Parrot.” I had named the dog in the story Jaco and was inspired to use an image of Pastorius for the piece but decided against it. As I had collected most of the data here, I decided to turn it into this brief tribute to Jaco and promote the recent documentary film on his life.
Jaco Pastorius discography
The first album (Jaco Pastorius, 1976) is considered one of the finest bass album ever recorded. Contributing musicians included including Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter, David Sanborn, Lenny White, Hubert Laws, Don Alias, Michael Brecker, and soul singers Sam Moore and David Prater, better known as Sam & Dave.
For this album, Pastorius received two Grammy Award nominations: ‘Best Jazz Performance by a Group’ and ‘Best Jazz Performance by a Soloist.’ He released two more solo albums in his lifetime, Word Of Mouth in 1981 and Invitation in ’83.
He was with Weather Report for five studio albums and also worked on major projects with artists as diverse as Paul Bley, Joni Mitchell, and Pat Metheny. Several Jaco solo albums of outtakes, live performances, and just plain compilations have been issued since his death
Jaco was diagnosed with bipolar disorder that led to a disintegrating personality and life, leading to his living his final months on the street. On September 11, 1987, he was refused entrance at the nightclub in Florida. After reportedly kicking in a glass door, he got into a violent fight with the club bouncer.
Jaco was hospitalized, fell into a coma, and died ten days later.
In 1988, he was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame, the only electric bassist so far honored.
Here is as complete a discography as I could find. The albums are in order of release with the year of recording in parentheses when known. Each title has a link to either a Wikipedia or Discogs entry for your perusal.
1974 Paul Bley: Jaco
1976 Weather Report: Black Market
1976 Jaco Pastorius: Jaco Pastorius
1977 Weather Report: Heavy Weather
1978 Weather Report: Mr. Gone
1979 Weather Report: 8:30
1980 Weather Report: Night Passage
1981 Jaco Pastorius: Word of Mouth
1982 Weather Report: Weather Report
1983 Jaco Pastorius: Invitation
1990 Jaco Pastorius: “Honestly” Solo Live (1986)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In Italy (1974)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In New York City, Volume 1: Punk Jazz (1985)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In New York City, Volume 2: Trio (1985*)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In New York City, Volume 3: Promise Land (1985*)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In New York City, Volume 4: Trio 2 (1985*)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In New York City, Volume 5: Raça (1985*)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In New York City, Volume 6: Punk Jazz 2 (1985)
1991 Jaco Pastorius: Live In New York City, Volume 7: History (1985*)
1992 Jaco Pastorius: Heavy’n Jazz (1974)
1995 Jaco Pastorius: The Birthday Concert (1981)
1998 Jaco Pastorius: Broadway Blues & Teresa (1985)
1999 Jaco Pastorius: Jams – Rare Collection
1999 Jaco Pastorius: Twins I & II – Live In Japan 1982
2002 Weather Report: Live and Unreleased
2003 Jaco Pastorius: Punk Jazz – The Jaco Pastorius Anthology
2006 Weather Report: Forecast: Tomorrow
2007 Jaco Pastorius: The Essential Jaco Pastorius
2007 Trio of Doom: Trio Of Doom
The trio was Jaco with John McLaughlin and Tony Williams, who were recorded live and in the studio in 1979.
The Criteria sessions
In 2014, Omnivore Records issued Modern American Music . . . Period! – The Criteria Sessions. Here is an abridged version of the press release for the album:
“When Jaco Pastorius’ solo début appeared in 1976, a new standard in both jazz and the electric bass guitar was born. Many of the tracks on that eponymous album had their genesis two years earlier when a 22-year-old Pastorius and friends used after-hours time at Criteria Studios to work out songs and jam.
Eventually, six of those session tracks were pulled to an acetate. Many of the songs would later find their way onto Jaco’s self-titled début, but some remained unreleased until now. All tracks appear here in their full, unedited form for the first time.
Modern American Music . . . Period! – The Criteria Sessions the CD and LP feature 11 tracks from the Criteria sessions, essays from Trujillo and Pastorius biographer Bill Milkowski, and unseen photos from the family’s archives.
‘Raw and uninhibited, these Criteria demo sessions showcase a working band reveling in the energy that they brought to the bandstand on any given night in 1974 while revealing a young, fully-formed Jaco Pastorius standing on the verge of taking over the world.’ (Bill Milkowski)
‘Omnivore’s release of Jaco Pastorius’ Criteria Sessions is a raw unique statement — a statement that lets you know you are experiencing a powerful historical musical moment. Jaco’s sound, and facility alone, take you on a trip that is totally new and fresh! This is punk at its best, and the attitude and edge is pure.’ (Trujillo)
While these tracks, recorded at the beginning of Pastorius’ incredible career, may be from the past, they, like all of Jaco’s music, transcend time and space.” (Omnivore)
“Jaco” the movie
Jaco is a 2014 American documentary film directed by Paul Marchand and Stephen Kijak, that was co-produced by Metallica bassist Robert Trujillo along with John Battsek of Passion Pictures. It features interviews with such musicians as Sting, Joni Mitchell, Bootsy Collins, Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, and Carlos Santana.
FEATURED IMAGE: I found this stunning image of Jaco on the NPR site with the article “Metallica’s Robert Trujillo On His Hero, Jaco Pastorius,” which also provided me with some ot the data in this article.
“To see a person take command of the stage and the audience, and specifically a bass player, was really exciting. And just the fact that he looked like guys that I looked up to—he was doing backflips on stage, you know? That’s usually rock & rollers, and here’s Jaco Pastorius. People tried to call him just a jazz cat, but he was beyond that. He was rock & roll. He was jazz. He was everything.” (Trujillo)
Finally, the glorious life in this article’s title refers to the joy that Jaco took in his life, his family, and his music when he was healthy. The inglorious death of Jaco Pastorius refers to the lack of attention that we gave people suffering through bipolar disorder back in the dim, dark ’80s. How we wrote them off as hopeless schizophrenics or worse, drug burn-outs and alcoholics . . .